DSM-V: The New Frontier
As most are aware now, DSM-V proposed changes were released today. I’ve had a chance to look over the criteria changes for Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Must meet criteria 1, 2, and 3:
1. Clinically significant, persistent deficits in social communication and interactions, as manifest by all of the following:
a. Marked deficits in nonverbal and verbal communication used for social interaction:
b. Lack of social reciprocity;
c. Failure to develop and maintain peer relationships appropriate to developmental level
2. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, and activities, as manifested by at least TWO of the following:
a. Stereotyped motor or verbal behaviors, or unusual sensory behaviors
b. Excessive adherence to routines and ritualized patterns of behavior
c. Restricted, fixated interests
3. Symptoms must be present in early childhood (but may not become fully manifest until social demands exceed limited capacities)
I look at this from both an adult stand point and a parent stand point. My primary concern is with Criteria 1b. Social reciprocity can often be for children not noticeable until later in years. This can possibly lead to a lower rate of diagnosis in those children in the early years. I suspect though, that most children that don’t show the difference are probably not diagnosed until later at this point anyways.
But as an adult, I know the rules of social reciprocity. If someone does something nice for me, I must do something back. If someone compliments me, I should also compliment them. I can perform these responses. Whether or not they are learned or out of genuine feelings is where the problem lies. As an adult that didn’t get diagnosed until I was an adult, I can see where other adults that may seek a diagnosis would fall through the cracks on this one. Many of us have learned and adapted our skills, but still have other areas of concern.
I can honestly say I have a hard time making and keeping friends. Only those that have stuck by me out of sheer determination from their point of view are the ones I keep. When I try to keep track of friendships, I ultimately fail. And again with the 1a, I know there are times when I miss nonverbal cues. It’s the idea that you have to meet all 3 that is troubling to me. Especially since it’s all speculation on the part of the diagnosing party whether this is a learned response or a genuine feeling.
However, I am very happy to see the addition of Sensory behaviors added. My youngest certainly doesn’t do any of the stereotyped behaviors any more, but has more than enough sensory behaviors to make up for it. This addition I think will help a lot of parents that are on the fence. Not seeing the spinning or flapping hands no longer means that you ‘might’ have a child with Autism.